Ebonyi State was created by General Sanni Abacha (late) on 1st October, 1996 – out of the then Abia State and Enugu State. It is one of the South Eastern States and the people of the State are of the Igbo tribe. The State shares a border with Benue State to the North, Enugu State to the west, Imo and Abia States to the south and Cross River State to the east.The State capital and largest town is Abakaliki. The second largest town is Afikpo. Other towns are: Ikwo, Izzi, Onicha, Edda, Onueke, Ezzamgbo, Nkalagu, Uburu, Ishiagu, Amasiri and Okposi. The State is christened “Salt of the Nation” because of the large deposit of salt is many water bodies in the State – like the uburu salt lake...
Ebonyi State is divided into three Senatorial Zones of Ebonyi North, South and Central, with a Senator elected at each general election, to represent each of the Zones at the National Assembly. Similarly, the State is delineated into six Federal Constituencies of: Ikwo/Ezza South; Ohaukwu/Ebonyi; Ezza North/Ishielu; Ivo/Ohaozara/Onicha; Afikpo South/Afikpo North and Abakaliki/Izzi. Each of the six Federal Constituencies is represented by an Honourable Member at the House of Representatives.
Ebonyi State has thirteen (13) Local Government Areas – each headed by an Executive Chairman. For administrative convenience, the Council Areas are further divided into sixty-four (64) Development Centers – each headed by a Coordinator. Below is the map of Ebonyi State showing the Local Government Areas.
The 13 Local Government Areas of Ebonyi State are: Abakaliki; Afikpo North; Afikpo South; Ebonyi; Ezza North; Ezza South; Ikwo; Ishielu; Ivo; Izzi; Ohaozara; Ohaukwu and Onicha.The people of Ebonyi State are predominantly farmers and traders. The main crops produced in the State are rice, yam, cassava, vegetables, groundnut, maize, palm produce, cocoa, plantain, banana, e.t.c. Most riverine communities in the State are also into Fishery. Because of the agrarian nature of the State, Ebonyi State has several agricultural based Industries like the Rice Mills, the Fertilizer Plant, the Nkaliki Poultry Farm, etc. The State Government had earlier set up three ultra-modern Rice Mill clusters at Iboko, Ikwo and Eso Edda – to process Abakaliki Rice to international standard. This project is yet to be completed.The state is blessed with mineral resources such as lead, limestone, zinc and marble. The foremost Cement Factory in Nigeria (NIGERCEM) is located within Ishielu Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Several quarry sites are scattered across different Local Government Areas of the State, for blasting of stones.
As regards education, Ebonyi State has a number of Higher Institutions. These include: the Federal University Ndufu Alike Ikwo L.G.A (FUNAI); the Ebonyi State University Abakaliki (EBSU); Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana Afikpo; Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu and Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo. Each of these schools has a record of measuring up with their equivalents in other States or even surpassing them. It is highly gratifying that Ebonyi State’s Secondary School Debating teams have maintained a long history of beating other teams over the years, to earn top honors in national and international competitions. That trend has continued till date.
In the health sector, Ebonyi has a Federal Teaching Hospital (FETHA) and General Hospitals situated in all the 13 Local Government Areas of the State. These are complemented by a number of Private Hospitals and some Church-owned Hospitals, which the State Government has been funding in the last couple of years.Tourist attractions in the State include Ndibe Beach in Afikpo, the salt lakes in the towns of Okposi and Uburu, and Ishiagu Pottery Works in Ishiagu. Ebonyi State has a rich cultural heritage. This is expressed in the many colorful cultural dances, folklore and artwork, some of which have attracted national and international attention. The popular Nkwa Umuagbogho Dance Group of Afikpo has won several national and international merit awards.
Other popular dance groups include the official State Government cultural dance group (nnu troupe), Ikpobina of Ikwo, Nkwa Nwite of Afikpo, Ojianyalere of Amasiri, among others.
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